Coffee, a beloved beverage consumed by millions worldwide, varies not just in its origin but also in its roast. Among the different roasts, medium roast coffee stands out with its balanced flavor and enticing aroma. But what exactly is medium roast coffee, and how does it differ from its light and dark counterparts? Let's delve into the basics of coffee roasting and uncover the exciting world of medium roast coffee.
What is Medium Roast Coffee?
Medium roast coffee, often referred to as the "American Roast" or "City Roast," is roasted to a medium brown color. It strikes a balance between the light and dark roasts, offering a flavor profile that is neither too mild nor too intense. The beans are roasted just before the second crack, which occurs at temperatures around 410º-440º. This roast level showcases a balanced flavor profile, with a slight increase in body compared to light roasts and less acidity.
Medium Roast vs. Light Roast
Light roast coffee, sometimes known as "Cinnamon" or "Light City" roast, is roasted to a light brown color and retains most of the original coffee characteristics. It has a light body, high acidity, and no oil on the surface. The roasting process for light roast stops at the first crack, which happens at temperatures around 350º-400º. For a deeper understanding of light roast coffee, check out this insightful article from us.
The primary difference between medium and light roast is the roast duration and temperature. While light roast emphasizes the bean's inherent flavors, medium roast offers a more balanced taste, reducing the acidity and enhancing the body.
Medium Roast vs. Dark Roast
Dark roast coffee, with names like "Continental," "Italian," or "French" roast, is roasted until it reaches a dark brown to black color. The beans have an oily surface and offer a robust, full-bodied flavor with low acidity. The roasting temperature for dark roast exceeds 440º, going beyond the second crack. For a comprehensive look at dark roast coffee, dive into this detailed piece by us.
When comparing medium to dark roast, the latter has a bolder flavor profile, with the roasting process overshadowing the bean's original flavors. Medium roast, on the other hand, provides a middle ground, retaining some original flavors while introducing new ones from the roasting process.
Whether you prefer the bright flavors of a light roast, the balanced notes of a medium roast, or the intense richness of a dark roast, there's a coffee roast for every palate. For those keen on exploring the differences firsthand, consider a side-by-side tasting, perhaps starting with this comparison between light and dark roasts.